Sheet Pile Walls are created by driving prefabricated pieces into the ground. Soil conditions can allow for these pieces to be vibrated into the ground as well as being hammer driven. The full wall is created by connecting the joints of adjacent sheet pile segments in sequential installation. Sheet Pile Walls offer structural resistance by making use of the full section. Steel Sheet Piles are generally used in deep excavations.
Sheet Pile Walls are constructed by laying out a series of sheet pile sections and making certain that the sheet piles will interlock, driving or vibrating the individual sheet piles to required depth, driving the second sheet pile with the interlocks between the first and second sheet pile locked, and repeating the steps until the wall perimeter is complete. Using connector elements is required when more shapes are used.
Steel Sheet Piling is the most frequently used because of several benefits over other materials. It is light weight, can be reused numerous times, offers high resistance to driving stresses, the joints are less apt to deform, as well as with modest protection steel sheet piling has a long service life above or below water. Some of the disadvantages is that there can be difficulty installing Sheet Piles in soils with cobbles or boulders (requested wall depths might not be reached), Sheet pile section and interlocking elements dictate the excavation shapes, sheet pile driving can cause disturbance to surrounding neighborhoods, and due to installation vibrations there may be settlements in adjacent properties.